The building and construction sector is facing new challenges represented by the demand for smart and low-cost buildings with a limited impact on the environment.
The building and construction technology sector in Saudi Arabia has been improving in recent decades, as modern architecture, engineering and reinforced concrete frame structures replaced the traditional construction methods of mud and stone. In addition, the continuous improvement of technical development has helped promote the construction sector, which is considered second only to the oil sector in exploiting the abundant natural resources of the Kingdom for the production of a wide range of building materials including cement, concrete, bricks, ceramics, and glass, as well as composite materials.
This sector also provides a large number of jobs, with 35% of work permits accredited by the Ministry of Labor and Social Development, related to building and construction. The building and construction sector is a major drive to productivity and economic growth in many countries around the world including Saudi Arabia. The contribution of the construction sector in the gross domestic product ratio is approximately 13% of all other non-oil sectors, and enhances the competitive ability of the Kingdom towards sustainable development serving the community.
In this important sector, KACST has specified the following strategic goals:
- The Saudi Human Genome, which is a personalized and preventive medicine that aims to reduce health care costs using genome technology. This project depends on the localization and transfer of the Next Generation Sequencing that detects and determines mutations causing inherited diseases in the Saudi population.
- Localization and development of a technical platform to detect infectious diseases. This project aims to establish a national database for infectious diseases in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, that will contribute to the detection and control of infectious diseases.
- Localization and development of Nanomedicine that aims to localize the manufacturing of Nano-particles that can contribute to the study of diseases and treatment.
- Localization and development of stem cell technology that aims to localize modern stem cell technologies to treat and control the common chronic diseases in the Kingdom.