The Arabian Peninsula has a unique biological diversity adapted to harsh environmental conditions. Efforts have focused on developing techniques for managing wildlife in the Kingdom and finding the best ways to protect it from extinction.
There is no coherent system for the management of wildlife in the Kingdom through which the percentage of changes resulting in protected areas and biodiversity can be measured over time. As the conservation of these ecosystems becomes a national necessity, it is only achieved through the development of field research activity in the reserve areas. Such areas are considered a natural laboratory suitable for conducting vital scientific experiments.
The center’s activities are dedicated to preserve and sustain biological diversity, especially endemic species, under reserve conditions, self-renewing, disease resistance, and high genetic variation, and support the successful rehabilitation of populations that reproduce naturally in appropriate areas of their geographical spread in the Kingdom. KACST supports and promotes scientific research in the field of wildlife because of the national gains in this area that can be built on and that can accommodate future plans. This will help preserve genetic resources in light of the increasing extinction rates of endemic species in the Arabian Peninsula.
The Center is working on the transfer of research techniques in the field of wildlife research. It is also working on localization and development in coordination and cooperation with international centers of excellence and distinguished researchers in specialized disciplines in this field, assisted by qualified graduates of Saudi universities. KACST coordinates with scientific institutions, government agencies, and research centers in the Kingdom in the field of conservation and development of wildlife to prevent duplication, and to combine efforts and resources between these entities. Examples of research programs carried out by KACST include:
- Houbara Research Program.
- Development of Protected Areas.
- Marine Biodiversity Conservation in the Kingdom.