Partner: Chinese Academy of Sciences
The field of genomic studies is considered one of the most advanced scientific fields where gene sequences are identified from DNA or RNA sequences. These sequences are chains of recurring four different sugar molecules (nucleotides) that can be thousands of millions in length arranged to form groups of coding sequences (genes) responsible for all functional expressions involved in biological processes which enable species to live, grow and reproduce. Analysis of complete genome sequence data of a given species helps to find its physical and genetic maps, which in turn determine the function of every gene found in its genome and lead to understanding all living, survival and disease resistance mechanisms.
Genome sequencing is a laboratory process to determine the complete DNA sequence of an organism.