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Science & Technology organises the Saudi Arabian High Performance Computing Conference and Exhibition next Tuesday

​King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) organizes activities of the Saudi Arabian High-Performance Computing (SAHPC) Conference and Exhibition next Tuesday in the Conference Hall at its headquarters with active participation of elite of national and international experts and specialists.
 SAHPC   Conference that spans over three successive days targets strengthening cooperation among High-Performance Computing (HPC) industry leaders, application developers, scientific and engineering users, educators as well as economic and institutional planners and networks.
The Conference would create national 'critical mass' that enfolds local HPC communities in Saudi Arabia, facilitating exchanges and fostering new collaborations in business, research, and education. It also helps develop a national identity for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as an emerging international power in supercomputing.
The main theme of the Cinference, which is a premier regional event, is HPC applications focusing on four main tracks that cover Security and Defence, Bioinformatics, Meteorology besides Oil and Gas.
The SAHPC conference program comprises two days of keynote speech, talks by HPC experts in the above-mentioned tracks and plenary discussions. The program also includes a third day for a hands-on tutorial on supercomputer plus the basic principles of parallel programming. The Conference is accompanied by an exhibition where specialized companies showcase the latest and cutting-edge products in HPC.

High Performance Computing most generally refers to the practice of aggregating computing power in a way that delivers much higher performance than one could get out of a typical desktop computer or workstation in order to solve large problems in science, engineering, or business. High-performance computers, by their turn, are very exotic machines by virtue of the technologies inside them, and the scale at which they are built. They are used to work on some of mankind’s biggest problems in science and engineering such as origins of the universe, new amazing drugs and finding solutions to most of our modern complicated issues.

There are various computing architectures to construct high-performance computers that can be grouped under to main architecture, namely grid computing and cluster computing. Grid computing is the collection of computer resources from multiple locations to reach a common goal. The grid can be thought of as a distributed system with non-interactive workloads that involve a large number of files. Grid computers have each node set to perform a different task/application. Grid computers also tend to be more heterogeneous and geographically dispersed,   although a single grid can be dedicated to a particular application, commonly a grid is used for a variety of purposes.
On the other hand, Cluster Computing addresses the latest results in these fields that support High Performance Distributed Computing (HPDC). In HPDC environments, parallel and/or distributed computing techniques are applied to the solution of computationally intensive applications across networks of computers.  A computer cluster consists of a set of loosely or tightly connected computers that work together so that, in many respects, they can be viewed as a single system.
The idea behind the use of high-performance is distributing computational tasks on a large number of processors at the same time instead of waiting for a single processor for a relatively long time to finish the tasks.

High-performance computers are mainly used in areas that require large complicated calculations, especially in scientific research, and are often a key requirement in the areas of processing and analysis large data as well as in simulation and modeling.

High-performance computers have become a must in oil and gas exploration, climate research, weather forecasts, quantum physics, nuclear research, space research, astronomy such as simulation of celestial bodies’ movement, design of space ships. They are also used as aiding tools to design and improve mechanical products such as cars, ships, planes, trains as well as in bio-medical research, such as synthesizing new drugs, genetic research, and many other fields.

It worth mentioning that KACST  has built the first high-performance computer in the Kingdom "SANAM" in cooperation with the German partner of a joint venture between the Kingdom and Germany represented by Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Goethe and Helmholtz International Center.

SANAM  ranked second in the global list of the energy most efficient   computers with total computational capacity of 421 trillion operation per second, according to (Green 500) classification which is published twice a year as it also  ranked 52nd  on the "Top 500"  ranking of high-performance computers.